Introduction of Cataract
When the lens becomes opaque, it is called cataract. Lack of blood vessels in the lens cannot cause inflammation. But there is degeneration due to which the fibers of the lens become opaque and cataract is formed.
Cause of Cataract
Increasing patient age, eye injury, overuse of ultraviolet therapy, sunlight, outbreak on industrial high temperature lenses. Some medicines, such as steroids or anticholenestress drugs, can also cause cataracts if used for a long time. Some physical ailments also promote cataracts, such as diabetes, parathyroid, tetany, without myotonic dystrophy. Because of this, cataracts can emerge at an early age. The lens may blur even if an eye is hurt. This disease can also be inherited. This type of cataract is found in congenital children. In addition to the use of chemical substances, due to the current and some skin diseases cause cataract.
Some symptoms of cataract are related to vision. Initiation begins with obstruction in the vision process, then gradually the blur in the eye increases and a time comes when the eye cannot see. Cataracts actually begin by producing blurred points within the lens. These points prove to be obstacles in the path of light rays. The rays collide with them, scattered here and there, and thus create different types of visual disturbances — two or three images of the same thing appear simultaneously. A rainbow of colors may appear around the bulb or some particular colors may appear dark or light.
- Initially, though in some cases the eyesight feels better and there is no need to wear glasses for reading, but this rest is only a few days. As the lens blur increases, the eyesight becomes weaker. If the cataract is in the middle of the lens, then the trouble starts from the beginning. But if the cataract is on the edge of the lens, there is no problem for a long time.
After a time, when the entire lens becomes opaque, it is only possible to know from which direction the light is coming in the eye, or if it is enough, then the fingers count for a distance of a few feet, it is possible to see more than that. does not happen.
Recognition of preterm cataract
- Light gray lens.
- Iris Sadow present.
- The patient can count the fingers from near the eye.
- After spreading the pupil by adding medicine, if it is lighted in the dark room with plain glass, a black shadow appears. Which is the opposite of the red color glow.
Mature cataract identification
- Pearl-like white lens.
- Iris shadow absent.
- Sight limited to hands only.
- Red color does not glow.
General and incidental treatment
No drug has been found to be effective on cataract. The speed at which it will grow is also not certain. Many a time, cataracts take many years in the same condition. Meanwhile, the vision remains the same. Incidentally, if any medicine is tried during this period, it is natural to become the impression that it is working. So far, all the drugs of cataract have appeared from time to time, so far no medicine has been found to have such properties that it can completely overcome the cataract or really stop its growth rate permanently.
- Cinerea meritima (homeopathic medicine) 1-2 drops in the eye 2-3 times a day. If . It only benefits when used in the beginning. Yogi Surma of Yogi Pharmacy in Ayurveda (Yogi Surma) can be beneficial (in the initial stage). By adding atropine, dilatation of pupils, the patient’s viewing range increases slightly
Caution- If the cataract is immature, then it should be checked every two months. As long as the cataract is in the initial stage and the vision is improvised, it is very useful to keep changing the number of specs from time to time. In this period, the rotation of the lens varies from time to time and hence the number changes as well.
Cataract operation- When cataracts begin to cause problems in life and the vision is not enough to work, then please consult the doctor at the time of operation, do not wait to see when the cataract will be completely ripened. It was an old belief that cataract is ready for operation only after ripening, it is no longer understood. In its operation, opaque pearl or lens is removed with or without its cover. This causes light to fall back on the retina and be visible. Nowadays artificial lenses are also applied in the eye simultaneously. There is a lens inside the eye (IOL I.O.L.) which is undoubtedly expensive, but the best and best way to normalize the vision after cataract operation. I.O.L. The great feature of this is that it acts very much like a natural lens. The shape of the cheeses looks like they actually are. I.O.L. Today it is very popular in rich countries. I.O.L. A decision has to be taken before the operation. The eye surgeon decides the type and number of lenses according to the eye. Then, during operation, the blurred natural lens is removed and applied in the eye. The patient is discharged and sent home the next day after the operation. The bandage is kept on the formed eye for 3 to 7 days. So that the superficial wound is completely filled. Even after this, it is necessary to have an eye checkup once every week or 15 days as instructed by the doctor. About 4 weeks after the operation, the eye stitches are removed and the glasses number is also given soon after everything is correct.